Aurora borealis northern lights

What is the Aurora Borealis?

The aurora borealis is also known as the alien, or otherworldly, northern lights. It’s created when charged particles of the Sun are trapped in Earth’s magnetic field.

They can be found high in the Earth’s atmosphere at altitudes between 60 and 250 miles. It’s a lively, dancing display of light.

You will be able to enjoy the spectacular celestial show from one of the most beautiful locations in the world. Choose a location that has a magnetic latitude between 55 and 77 degrees, far away from urban areas and low levels of light pollution. Here is the NOAA magnetic latitude calculator.

Aurora borealis northern lights

You can see the Northern Lights and auroras at any time, even when you are not in the polar latitudes. Long winter nights are effective but not always the most efficient. The Earth’s magnetic flux allows for more solar particles interaction with the atmosphere around the equinoxes in March and September.

This causes the Northern Lights and aurora seasons. An autumnal equinox in September is recommended for a warmer or more pleasant temperature at the polar latitudes.

And remember: Besides the weather, a dark sky and also the right season are the keys. It is a good idea to avoid moonless nights.

These are the best places to see the AURORA Borealis & Northern Lights

  • Iceland
  • Fairbanks (Alaska).
  • Yellowknife, Canada
  • Tromso (Norway).
  • Northern Sweden and Finland
  • Greenland
  • Tasmania and New Zealand

Aurora borealis northern lights


The collisions of solar-charged particles with sunlight entering the Earth’s atmosphere are responsible for the bright, dancing lights of the Aurora.

The northern lights can be seen above the magnetic poles of the south and northern hemispheres. They are called “Aurora borealis” in the north and “Aurora australis” in the south.

There are many colors to Auroral Shows. The most popular are pale green and rose. Reports include mixed colours such as red, yellow, green, blue, violet and purple.

The lights appear in many forms, from patches, groups, or scattered clouds of streaking lights to streamers, arcs, rippling curtains, or shooting rays that illuminate the sky with an eerie glow.

Aurora Borealis Timelapse Video

Aurora borealis time lapse video


The collisions of charged particles with gaseous particles in Earth’s atmosphere are what cause the aurora borealis. Colour variations are caused by the type of gas particles colliding.

The most common aurora colour is pale yellowish-green. It can be seen 60 miles above the earth. Rare, all-red auroras can be created by high-altitude oxygen at elevations of up to 200 miles. Nitrogen is responsible for the Aurora lights, which are either blue- or purple-red.

Since 1880, there has been speculation that the sunspot activity and the northern light are connected. The “solar wind” is a phenomenon where the Sun’s protons and electrons are blown towards the Earth, according to research from the 1950s.

Aurora borealis northern lights

To study the atmosphere, balloons, satellites and rockets were used extensively. Notice: 1957-1958 was International Geophysical Year.

Rocket research remains conducted by scientists at Poker Flats, a facility under the direction of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks – see website

Temperatures higher than the Sun’s surface can reach temperatures of over million degrees Celsius. At this temperature, collisions between gas molecules can cause explosions. Sun’s rotation releases electrons and protons from its atmosphere. They can escape through holes in magnetic flux.

Solar radiation pushes charged particles towards Earth. Because the Earth’s magnetic flux at each pole of the Earth is weaker than others, some particles can reach Earth’s atmosphere and turn into gas particles.

Aurora borealis northern lights

They are reflected and deflected in the Earth’s magnetic field. These collisions produce light that we can see thanks to the dancing lights in the north (and south).

You can see the Aurora lights from 80 km (50 mi) and up to 640 km (400 mi) above the planet’s surface.

Is there any better place to view the Northern Lights than this?

You can see the Northern Lights in both the northern and south hemispheres as an oval-shaped object that is centred on each magnetic pole. The lights are known as ‘Aurora Borealis’ in the north and ‘Aurora Australis’ in the south.

Aurora borealis northern lights

Scientists discovered that the northern auroras and the southern auroras are mirror images, which occur simultaneously and have similar shapes.

Because it is near the magnetic poles, the aurora borealis phenomenon can be seen as far south as New Orleans in America’s western hemisphere. Similar lights are not visible in the east.

You can see the most lights in North America from Canada’s northwest. This includes the Yukon, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories.

Also, auroras can be seen over Greenland’s southern tip and the northern coast of Norway. They are rarely seen in the south because they are concentrated in Antarctica’s south Indian Ocean.

The best places to look for lights are the ones that aren’t affected by light pollution. Spots located in the north, which is smaller, are more likely to be the best.

Aurora borealis northern lights


Researchers found that auroral activity is cyclic or repeats with peak periods approximately every 11 years. 2013 will be the next peak.

Winter in the north can be a great time to see lights. It is a wonderful time to view auroral displays because of the long periods in darkness and clear nights. Clear nights are best for looking for aurora displays at local midnight. This is adjusted for daylight savings.


“Aurora borealis”, also known as the northern lights, can be used to refer to “dawn” and “dawn.” “Aurora australis”, which means “dawn to the south,” is what “Aurora borealis” means. Roman mythology depicted Aurora as the goddess dawn in Roman mythology. The legends of the lights are a popular theme among cultural and indigenous groups.

In medieval times, auroral lights were considered a sign that there was violence or war. The Maori of New Zealand shared a belief with many northern people of Europe, England, and North America that the lights were reflections from torches, fires, or campfires.

Menominee Indians of Wisconsin believed that the lights were a sign from giants called manabai’wok. These were spirits of great fishermen or hunters.

The Inuit of Alaska thought that the lights were the spirits of the animals they hunted, the seals, deer, salmon, and beluga whales. Other aboriginal or indigenous people believed that the lights were their spirits.

Aurora borealis northern lights

Northern Lights Occurrence

A region known as the “auroral zone” or “aurar area” is one that exhibits auroras. It is located between 3 and 6, and 10 to 20, degrees from the geomagnetic Poles at any time.

The dark background makes it easier to see this band. An area that is currently showing auroras is called the “auroral oval”. It is a band that has been moved by solar radiation to the planet’s nightside.

Early evidence of a geomagnetic connection is provided by the statistics of auroral lights observations. Further details were provided by Elias Loomis (1861), Hermann Fritz (1881), as well as Sophus Tromholt (1981), who confirmed that the Aurora was visible only within the auroral region. Information about the current locations and positions of the auroral ovals can be found on the internet.

The northern lights are known as the aurora borealis or the northern lights. Galileo, a Roman goddess who was associated with dawn, in 1619 coined the term “aurora boreas”. It is also the Greek name of the Northern.

Aurora borealis northern lights

The southern counterpart of the northern lights, the aurora australis or the southern lights is nearly identical to the lights in the north.

It changes according to the changes in the northern auroral region. The southern lights are visible from high southern latitudes & locations in Antarctica, Chile, Argentina, New Zealand, and Australia.

When a geomagnetic storm occurs, the auroral ovals to the north and south of a magnetic pole expand. This causes the Aurora’s movement to lower latitudes. This causes the distribution of the auroras, or “auroral oval” in a split second to be slightly different. It lies approximately 3-5 degrees nightward from the magnetic Pole.

When the Sun is between the observer’s eyes, the magnetic pole of the auroral light beams is between them, the furthest the auroral light beams move towards the Equator. This is the place where the Aurora can be seen most often, and it is called magnetic midnight.

It is possible that the auroras visible inside the oval are also overhead. You can still see them from farther away, as they are lit up on the poleward-facing Horizon with a faint glow or greenish light as if the Sun were rising in an unusual or unexpected direction.

You can also see the auroras poleward in diffuse patches or arcs. These could be subvisual.

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